The beautiful Ural city is famous as a place where large industrial centers are located. There are also some of the biggest metallurgical and machine building plants in the country. The fortress city was formed at the site of the small Bashkir village Chelyaba in 1736 and got its name from this village. The event that split the history of the young city took place in the 18th century. The gold deposits were found on the bank of the Miass River. Within days, Chelyabinsk saw the “gold fever”. In the middle of the 19th century, the small fortress turned into a big craft and trade center with one of the richest fairs in the Urals.
The laying of the railway caused the rapid development of the city. At the beginning of the 20th century, there were several industrial enterprises in the city territory. During the Great Patriotic War, Chelyabinsk gained its first unofficial name, Tankograd. Military equipment and ammunition were manufactured here. The contribution of the city to the Soviet army’s victory is invaluable. Today, outstanding architectural monuments and museums that house precious exhibits reminding of important events in the city history.
Travelers can diversify their recreation by studying the historical heritage and visiting modern entertainment centers. If the weather is good, you can walk along the most beautiful city streets and parks. In total, there are 23 large parks in the city. In summer, some of them turn into big outdoor entertainment complexes. From year to year, the modern flourishing city is becoming more attractive for tourists.
One of the most beautiful places in the city is the landscape garden called “Scarlet Field”. It started to be built after the Great Patriotic War. In the 19th century, there was a main city square at the site of the beautiful park. Fairs and other important public events were regularly held here. One of the most tragic events in the history of the square took place in 1905 when the workers stroke here. To chase them away, the city authorities had to use weapons. Several people were murdered during the demonstration. The park gained its present name exactly due to this tragic event.
The oldest culture center in Chelyabinsk is the South Urals History Museum. It was opened in 1932. Now, the museum exposure includes over 250 000 exhibits, some of which are unique archaeological, historical, and ethnographic artifacts. One of the museum halls presents the natural-science collection. The other one stores pieces of applied art. The museum was “transferred” to its present building in 2006. It is distinguished by modern technical facilities.
The beautiful religious monument is St. Simeon Cathedral built in the second half of the 19th century. This cathedral is the only one in the city where religious worships were held even after the enthronement of the Soviet authority. It has managed to preserve all its valuable relics. Now, you can see the relics of saints and collections of old icons in the cathedral. The main relic here is the fragment of the Holy Cross.
In Chelyabinsk, there is a small oceanarium that will impress all the nature admirers. It welcomed the first guests in 1983. In 2014, the complete reconstruction of the oceanarium was finished. Now, its visitors can see rare fish and turtles. There is also an interesting terrarium and a special section with insects. This oceanarium is also special because it is the only venue of this type on the territory of the Chelyabinsk region. There is also a wonderful zoo in the city. It opened its doors for visitors in 1996. Today, you can see here over a hundred species of animals, most of them are very rare and listed in the Red Book.