Our suggestion on the way to observe the most important architectural landmarks of Cairo is very simple – fly, read, watch. Thanks to our original 3D technology of flying over cities, you will be able to “visit” (see the video) and watch the most important architectural landmarks of the city - Great Sphinx of Giza, Egyptian Museum, Abdeen Palace, Al Rifai Mosque, . We have carefully selected the supplementary information for each of them, including interesting historical facts and a collection of photographs. Additionally, we have placed all main sights on the map of Cairo below, since this information can be useful when you plan your walking routes in Cairo.
Great Sphinx of Giza, Cairo
» The statue’s head was probably damaged by water during extensive flooding in the 6th millennium BC. American and Egyptian archaeologists found stone blocks, tool kits, and petrified dinners under the layer of sand as if workers had had to urgently leave the place.
» The 72-metre-long 20-metre-tall figure is the oldest monolithic construction on the planet.
» The Sphinx got under layers of sand several times. It was completely freed from quicksand captivity in 1920.
» The statue was probably once covered with bright colours. The spots of paint can still be seen on the face and body of the Sphinx.
» Having scanned the statue, scientists came to the conclusion that it needed to be restored immediately. The monument was closed for tourists and restored in 2014.
Egyptian Museum, Cairo
» The most precious of them are eleven mummies of pharaohs, items from the tomb of Tutankhamen, and a gilded throne with precious stones. On the throne, you can see pictures of the pharaoh and his wife.
» In the museum, there are also sarcophagi of high priests, including one made of gold and weighing 110 kilos.
» The hall that houses mummies found at different times is interesting too.
» One of the museum founders was the French archaeologist Auguste Mariette who left his job in the Louvre and moved to Cairo in 1850. He was dedicated to his profession and Egypt. In the yard of the museum, there is a monument to this scientist. There is also a sarcophagus with his ashes.
» Around the monument to Auguste Mariette, there are 23 busts of famous Egyptologists. They include a bust of the Russian archaeologist V. S. Golenischev. It was placed here in 2006.
Abdeen Palace, Cairo
» It was named after an outstanding commander Abidin.
» Architects from different countries, such as France, Italy, Egypt, and Turkey, were invited. All the 500 halls of the palace have a luxury interior.
» There are also rooms designed in the European or Eastern style. For example, the Throne Hall, the most sumptuous room in the palace, is decorated in the tradition of Egypt. Near it, there is a room designed in the style of Louis XVI.
» The upper floors of the palace serve as the Egyptian President’s residence. The ground floors are allocated for four museums: The Arms Museum, the Historical Documents Museum, the Presidential Gifts Museum, and the Royal Family Museum.
» One of the most interesting exhibits is a golden sword decorated with diamonds. It was bought at the auction by King Farooq I. You can also see a big box with Farooq’s treasures. It has two locks, so if you insert a wrong key, a gun will come out of the box and go off. Due to a huge number of fantastic exhibits, Abdeen Palace is one of the richest and most luxurious museums in the world.
Al Rifai Mosque, Cairo
» The construction was completed in 1912. The reason for such a long construction was the death of the architect and Ismail’s abdication from the throne.
» The construction was resumed in 1905 by a new ruler, Khedive Abbas II, and a Hungarian architect.
» The mosque is also interesting because there are burials of Ahmad Ar-rifai, Sufi saints, and members of the Royal Family: Ismail Pasha, his mother Hoshiyar Hanim, his sons Fuad I and Farooq I (the last King of Egypt), and his daughter Ferial are buried here too. The last King of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi who was in exile and died in 1980 was buried here too.