Pskov is one of the most ancient Russian cities that embody the most important and most typical Russian traditions. The ancient settlement appeared on this land approximately in 863. Initially, the Slavic tribe of the Krivichs lived here. Their descendants built a fortified settlement at the junction of two rivers. The Slavs lived on these lands with Scandinavian and Baltic tribes. In the vicinity of Pskov, there was the Baltic Sea that separated the Slavs’ lands from the Scandinavian ones. However, these lands still saw confrontations with the Varangians.
Kievan duke Igor met his future wife, Olga, exactly in the surroundings of Pskov. She made a significant contribution to the history of Rus. The Duchess loved Pskov and it turned into a well-fortified city. One of the first Christian cathedrals, the Trinity one, was built on the territory of the city. The historical development of Pskov is unique because its lands had long been independent and developed themselves. The city residents paid homage to the Kievan duke and then Novgorod dukes but the rulers had never interfered with the city development.
Rus was often attacked by the crusaders and representatives of multiple military orders. They tried to ravage the Russian land with fire and sword. All attacks were repelled at the Pskov fortress walls only due to the Pskov Fortress itself and its brave defenders. In the 17th century, the role of Pskov changed. At that time, the city stopped being a border village and became one of the provincial towns that were developing due to thriving trade and crafts. It had a tough time during the Great Patriotic War. Many monuments and cathedrals were destroyed but most of the architectural monuments were restored then. Modern Pskov is a popular tourist center where many people come to spend a pleasant time and acquaint with the ancient traditions of Rus.
The main historical attraction of the city is the Kremlin of Pskov. When it was finished in the 14th century, it was one of the greatest fortresses in the world. The Kremlin is distinguished by a special architectural style that was not influenced by medieval European traditions. For hundreds of years, the Kremlin protected the urban area. In the 16th century, it lost its original status. Only some part of the wall and some beautiful towers with an unusual cone roof have survived to this day.
The other interesting defensive construction is Dovmont Town built in the 13th century upon the order of prince Dovmont. There are very few written references to the place where the fortress is located. It is only known that there had been big craftsmen’s settlements since the 9th century. Only the fragments of some historic constructions have been preserved to this day. As they all were useless, they were destroyed in the 18th century. Nowadays, many constructions are restored and the entire territory is considered as an outdoor museum.
The spectacular monument built in the style of Moscow architecture is Trinity Church. The first church at its site was built upon the order of Princess Olga in the 10th century. The present cathedral was built in the 17th century. The first building was wooden, had existed for about 200 years, and was destroyed in a fire. Nowadays, you can see a lot of important religious artifacts in the church.
As for multiple architectural monuments, the Chambers of Menshikov should be noted. They were built for the merchant in the 17th century. Originally, this big building had 5 floors. The last floors were wooden. At the beginning of the 18th century, it was damaged significantly in a fire. Three first floors were restored consequently. After the fire, the merchant sold the building that was not used as a residential one anymore. Today, this historic building serves as the museum dedicated to ceramics and other craft traditions of the region.