Lucknow is the capital of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. This amazing city stands on the bank of the Gomti River. Nowadays, Lucknow is recognized as one of the best cities in India. It perfectly combines the elegance of the old world with its own historical charm. During a vacation in Lucknow, you will be able to get acquainted with local landmarks, see historical attractions of the past centuries, and visit the infamous Hazratganj district, artisan shops in which produce the internationally popular chikan embroidery. Naturally, tourists can always buy embroidered textiles as souvenirs from this gorgeous Indian city. Initially, Lucknow was a part of the Kannauj Kingdom that had Hindu roots. In 1528, Mughal Emperor Babur captured the city. Later, the grandson of the conqueror made the Indian city a part of the subah of Awadh. The city of Faizabad not far from Lucknow became the capital of Awadh, but it was decided to move the capital to Lucknow in 1775. The power of the Mughal Empire was decreasing year after year, but the city’s importance as a political center was only growing. Because of this, it was decided to make Lucknow the center of the Muslim culture. At the beginning of 1856, the East India Company annexed Awadh and exiled its leader to Kolkata. Birjis Qadra, who was yet a teenager at that time, became the new leader and his mother Begum Hazrat Mahal became the regent queen. To stop the Indian Rebellion, the British Empire sent a big army to Lucknow.
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