Sightseeing in Livadiya - what to see. Complete travel guide

In ancient times, there were big meadows at the site of the modern resort. So, many people thought that Livadia got its name exactly because of its relief, as the Greek word “livadion” means “lawn, meadow”. The territory of Livadia had long been settled, which is proved by the remains of the settlements of the Copper Age found by archeologists near Oreanda. They date back to the 3rd century BC. The researchers also found the remains of the Taurus settlement and the burial site near it that date back to the 1st century BC. The remains of pottery found here and the medieval settlement with the burial site and the cathedral confirm the fact that people lived here in the 8th-9th centuries.
The ruins of the feudal castle found on Mount Hachla Kayasy that date back to the 10th-11th centuries have survived to this day. In the 18th century, there was a small Greek settlement at the site of present Livadia. It was called Ay Yan after St. John. Upon the order of the king, its residents moved to the Azov Governorate in the second half of the 18th century.
After Crimea coming to the Russian Empire, most of the lands on the Southern bank was distributed to the Greek soldiers of the Balaklav battalion that protected the Crimean borders at that time. Later, battalion commander Theodosius Reveliotis bought the best lands including Livadia from his soldiers. In the 30s of the 19th century, the prices for these lands rose sharply, which was mostly caused by the laying of the new road connecting Yalta with Simferopol and Sevastopol. Copyright
In 1834, Livadia was bought by a Polish tycoon, count Lev Pototsky. At the end of the 30s, he put up the vineyard here. In 1860, his square was almost 19 hectares. Wine has started being produced since that time. Also, the big wine cellar for storing wines was built. Over two thousand buckets and four thousand buckets of wine were produced in 1848 and 1853 respectively. At that time, a church, two manor houses, outbuildings and residential buildings were constructed here. In 1859, there were thirty palaces in Livadia where about 150 people lived. Livadia was constantly expanding. It turned from a small village to a beautiful city that today attracts inquisitive tourists with its beauty and cultural wealth.
The irreplaceable symbol of the historical resort is the Livadia Palace. It was built in 1834 upon the order of the emperor Nicholas II. For the years of its existence, this wonderful palace has been rebuilt for many times. It was destroyed completely in 1909. Then, it was restored in accordance with the first projects. After the Revolution of 1917, the prestigious sanatorium was opened in 1917 and only high politicians could vacation here. Today, the palace serves as the Museum of Architecture. Everyone can admire its luxurious interior and walk through the garden surrounding the palace.
The Livadia Park is considered as an independent attraction. Today, it occupies almost 40 hectares. The park is thoroughly cared for. Over 400 plant species are presented here. In the park, you can walk along beautiful oleander alleys and see evergreen bushes and trees that are typical for local nature. Not so long ago, over 7 000 rosebushes were planted in the territory of the park. It is very interesting to visit the park during the blooming period.
Several years ago, the Inverted House was opened in Livadia. It is a small house turned upside down. In this unusual house, all pieces of furniture are turned upside down. Every day, this unusual attraction is visited by curious tourists who want to take spectacular pictures.
In Livadia, there are a lot of unique nature attractions, among which the wonderful waterfall Uchan Su is worth being mentioned. It is the highest waterfall on the Crimean peninsula. It is 390 m high. The waterfall is “fed” by glaciers, so it reaches its greatness in the spring. It is located in a very beautiful mountainous. Hiking tour to the waterfall may turn into an unforgettable adventure. Diving fans will have an opportunity to see the unique sea attraction. There is the tug “Baikal” lying in the coastal waters. It sank here during the storm in 1969 and still lies on the sea bottom.
Reference information
Map of all castles
Survived castles around Livadiya
♥   Castle 'Swallow’s Nest Castle' , 4.7 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Castle 'Mangup' , 30 km from the center. On the map   Photo
♥   Castle 'Chufut Kale fortress' , 34.8 km from the center. On the map   Photo

Sights around Livadiya from our guide 'Extreme places on Earth'

Gorge Maryam-Dere

From the series “ Survived Artifacts of Early Christian Civilization”
Amazing tours along the gorge are conducted for pilgrims and tourists. The length of the landmark is about 2 km. Besides the monastery, guests of these picturesque places will be able to see the wonderful mountain scenery, look at the once inhabited caves and see the remains of the rock art. Currently, the Assumption Monastery goes through another large-scale reconstruction. The renovated building looks incredibly impressive. There are lots of visitors in the monastery. All travelers can experience its unique relics and special historic atmosphere. … Read further

Inkerman Cave Monastery of St. Clement

From the series “ Survived Artifacts of Early Christian Civilization”
In the 17th-18th centuries, the cave monastery began to attract the attention of royal personages. It was visited by Catherine II, Princess Maria Alexandrovna and Tsar Alexander III, as well as other members of the royal family. Today, the cave monastery is a tourist attraction of national significance. After renovation, it looks incredibly impressive. For decades, archaeologists continue to work close to the monastery. Tourists will be able to see other early Christian artifacts in this wonderful historic district. As scientists believe, more than 1 500 years ago, one of the world's largest Christian communities could be situated there. … Read further

Balaclava Naval Base

From the series “Famous Abandoned Military Bases and Forts”
The museum is quite large, its visitors have a chance to look into the preserved old dry dock - a place where the submarines were repaired a few decades ago. The arsenal of the military base has also been preserved and today represents the largest exposition of the museum. At present the military-historical complex is being renovated. It is planned to expand the size of the museum soon and to complement the collection with new unique exhibits. The military base is open to visitors all year round. … Read further

Sightseeing in regions nearby Livadiya

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